Cannabis terpenes are the fragrant oils that give cannabis plants their distinctive aromas. Terpenes assist our bodies to absorb and use the beneficial effects of cannabinoids. Terpenes are also able to affect or mitigate the effects of cannabis-based cannabinoids, such as THC.
Why are terpenes as important as cannabinoids?
Cannabinoids and cannabis terpenes collaborate to produce the most potent benefit from all varieties of cannabis. Terpenes typically are extracted from plant material such as pine needles or citrus rinds. Essential oils that can be used for aromatherapy could be used, however, they are uncommon. Terpenes may also come from animals , or even from insects.
They are usually taken from plant substance. The cannabis plant has more than 200 different terpenes that are responsible for the distinct smells and tastes of a specific strain. Terpenes are responsible for the distinctive scents of lavender and lemon. Terpenes are a plant’s natural defense mechanism. They have been used for centuries for food additives to enhance the flavor of many food items.
Terpenes of cannabis do not just help in the scent and flavor of cannabis but also offer therapeutic effects. The experts believe that terpenes are responsible for a variety of distinctive characteristics of a strain. They’ve been proven to have positive effects on migraines and stress, inflammation, mood swings and other diseases.
Terpenes and cannabinoids are linked to receptors in our brains and bodies. They control mood eating patterns, memory and sleep patterns, among other functions. Terpenes, when paired with cannabinoids may enhance the therapeutic effects of cannabis and reduce some side effects.
Chemical compounds that work together to enhance your marijuana experience. They also give you an even longer-lasting and more powerful relief. Different combinations of cannabinoids may be different in their effects on patients. A product high in CBD could not possess any psychoactive effects, however it is hard to predict how specific terpenes will affect a patient.
The most commonly used cannabis terpenes, and their advantages
1. Alpha-pinene: This is the primary terpene in the pine needles and sage. It offers a distinct fresh evergreen scent. It can also be found in basil, rosemary, dill and parsley. In all cannabis strains alpha-pinene is found in very low concentrations, but it’s been found that strains with elevated levels of alpha-pinene were associated with improved concentration and memory.
2. Beta-myrcene, a terpene, helps to create the aromas of hops and thyme. It is also an anti-inflammatory. Myrcene is also present in lemongrass, mangoes and Thyme. It’s thought that the myrcene’s sedative properties could assist with sleeplessness or restless leg syndrome.
3. Limonene is present in significant amounts in lemongrass, peppermint and rosemary, and also in cannabis. It has a distinct lemon aroma that is antidepressant and anticancer properties.
4. Linalool: This terpene is present in mint, lavender, coriander, birch and rosewood. It could be helpful in treating anxiety and depression and is believed to have a calming effect. A lot of people experience sedation taking cannabis that contains high levels of linalool.
5. Caryophyllene: This is the only terpene known to interacts with cannabinoid receptors, and it’s also what gives clove its distinct scent. Caryophyllene is not only adding a spicy flavor to a strain of cannabis is also believed to be anti-inflammatory. It can also help in the treatment of anxiety.
To learn more, click cooking with terpenes